Posts tagged hair

The BP Oil Spill Crisis: What Can We Do To Help?

With an estimated 25,000 – 30,000 barrels of oil spilling into the Gulf of Mexico everyday, it’s hard for anyone to sit back and not want to do SOMETHING. But what? For many of us, flying down there to volunteer is monetarily impossible but that doesn’t mean there aren’t simple things we can do to contribute and help.

1. Stay Informed

BP is doing their best to keep the status of the spill mostly under wraps, even going as far as banning journalists from taking pictures from the air. BP is also buying up search engine terms to redirect internet users to their website. Make sure to stay up to speed on what is happening and be careful what you’re reading, especially on the internet. Only read trusted news sources and forget about the $50 million ad campaign BP put out. Do your own investigating! 

2. Avoid BP Products

We all have seen how little BP seems to care about what has happened. One effective way to show our dissatisfaction with the way they have handled things is to avoid BP’s products. If all they seem to care about is the weight of their wallets, then we can put ours away. Stay away from Arco, Aral, AM/PM, Amoco, Casterol, Safeway Gas and Wild Bean Cafe until BP has amended the horrific catastrophe they have caused.

3. Donate Hair

Getting a new summer do? Doesn’t matter if it’s a quick trim or ten inches, donate your hair to Matter of Trust, an organization that is using hair to soak up the oil.

“You shampoo your hair because it gets greasy. Hair is very efficient at collecting oil out of the air, off surfaces like your skin and out of the water, even petroleum oil. Hair is adsorbant (as in “clings to” unlike absorbant which is to “soak up.”) There are over 300,000 hair salons in the US and each collects about 1 pound of hair a day. Right now, most of that goes into the waste stream, but it should all be made into hairmats.” Phil McCrory of Smartgrow.us, hairmat inventor and hair stylist.

Not only can your hair help, but also your pet’s! And if you aren’t a hairy pet owner, Matter of Trust can also use old fleece, nylons and feathers! Find out more at Matter of Trust’s website here.

4. Sign Petitions

Sometimes help is just a signature away. Check out these petitions that are making huge impacts:

5.  Visit

 United Way, The Nature Conservancy and The National Wildlife Federation‘s websites to make donations. 

6. Fundraise

Everyone wants to help out right now and are simply looking for ways to contribute so organize your own local fundraiser! It’s summer time so it’ll be easy to get people outdoors and get together to support a good cause. Have a bake sale or BBQ contest! Have a car wash or get your neighbors together for a group garage sale! Take the proceeds and donate it to the aid of the spill- here are 7 great organizations to consider too

source: http://www.intent.com/marissa-ross/blog/six-simple-ways-help-bp-oil-spill

Advertisements

Leave a comment »

Word of the Day – Sodium Hydroxide / Lye / Caustic Soda

Goodness me, you need to read this WotD (Word of the Day) – this ingredient is listed in Johnson’s Baby aqueous lotion…

Sodium hydroxide (NaOH), also known as lye and caustic soda, is a caustic metallic base. It is used in many industries, mostly as a strong chemical base in the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, drinking water, soaps and detergents and as a drain cleaner. Worldwide production in 1998 was around 45 million tonnes.  Sodium hydroxide is a common base in chemical laboratories.

Pure sodium hydroxide is a white solid; available in pellets, flakes, granules and as a 50% saturated solution. It is hygroscopic and readily absorbs water from the air, so it should be stored in an airtight container. It is very soluble in water with liberation of heat. It also dissolves in ethanol and methanol, though it exhibits lower solubility in these solvents than does potassium hydroxide.

Molten sodium hydroxide is also a strong base, but the high temperature required limits applications. It is insoluble in ether and other non-polar solvents. A sodium hydroxide solution will leave a yellow stain on fabric and paper.

 Uses:

Soap production

Sodium hydroxide is traditionally used in soap making (cold process soap, saponification).It was made in the nineteenth century for a hard surface rather than liquid product because it was easier to store and transship.

Cleaning agent

Sodium hydroxide is frequently used as an industrial cleaning agent where it is often called “caustic”. It is added to water, heated, and then used to clean the process equipment, storage tanks, etc. It can dissolve grease, oils, fats and protein based deposits. The sodium hydroxide solution can also be added surfactants to stabilize dissolved substances to prevent redeposition. A sodium hydroxide soak solution is used as a powerful degreaser on stainless and glass bakeware. It is also a common ingredient in oven cleaners.

A common use of Sodium Hydroxide is in the production of Parts washer detergents. Parts washer detergents based on Sodium Hydroxide are some of the most aggressive parts washer cleaning chemicals. The Sodium Hydroxide based detergent include surfactants, rust inhibitors and defoamers.

A parts washer heats water and the detergent in a closed cabinet and then sprays the heated sodium hydroxide and hot water at pressure against dirty parts for degreasing applications.

Sodium Hydroxide used in this manner replaced many solvent based systems in the early 1990s when triclor was outlawed. Water and Sodium Hydroxide detergent based parts washers are considered to be an environmental improvement over the solvent based cleaning methods.

Tissue digestion

This is a process that was used with farm animals at one time. This process involves the placing of a carcass into a sealed chamber, which then puts the carcass in a mixture of sodium hydroxide and water, which breaks chemical bonds keeping the body intact.

This eventually turns the body into a coffee-like liquid, and the only solid that remains are bone hulls, which could be crushed between one’s fingertips. Sodium hydroxide is frequently used in the process of decomposing roadkill dumped in landfills by animal disposal contractors.

Sodium hydroxide has also been used by criminals to dispose of their victims’ bodies.

Food preparation

Food uses of sodium hydroxide include washing or chemical peeling of fruits and vegetables, chocolate and cocoa processing, caramel coloring production, poultry scalding, soft drink processing, and thickening ice cream. Olives are often soaked in sodium hydroxide to soften them, while pretzels and German lye rolls are glazed with a sodium hydroxide solution before baking to make them crisp. Due to the difficulty in obtaining food grade sodium hydroxide in small quantities for home use, Sodium carbonate is often used in place of sodium hydroxide.

  • The Scandinavian delicacy known as lutefisk (from lutfisk, “lye fish”).
  • Hominy is dried maize (corn) kernels reconstituted by soaking in lye-water. These expand considerably in size and may be further processed by frying to make corn nuts or by drying and grinding to make grits. Nixtamal is similar, but uses calcium hydroxide instead of sodium hydroxide.
  • Sodium hydroxide is also the chemical that causes gelling of egg whites in the production of Century eggs.
  • German pretzels are poached in a boiling sodium carbonate solution or cold sodium hydroxide solution before baking, which contributes to their unique crust.
  • Most yellow coloured Chinese noodles are made with lye-water but are commonly mistaken for containing egg. 
  • Domestic uses 

    Sodium hydroxide is used in the home as a drain cleaning agent for clearing clogged drains. It is distributed as a dry crystal or as a thick liquid gel. The chemical mechanism employed is the conversion of grease to a form of soap.

    Soap is water-soluble, and can be dissolved by flushing with water. This conversion occurs far more rapidly at high temperatures, so commercial drain cleaners may also contain chemicals that react with water to generate heat. Sodium hydroxide also decomposes complex molecules such as the protein that composes hair.

    Such drain cleaners (and their acidic versions) are highly caustic and should be handled with care.

    Sodium hydroxide has been used as a relaxer to straighten hair. However, because of the high incidence and intensity of chemical burns, chemical relaxer manufacturers have now switched to other alkaline chemicals. Sodium hydroxide relaxers are still available, but they are used mostly by professionals.

    Safety 

    Solid sodium hydroxide or solutions of sodium hydroxide will cause chemical burns, permanent injury or scarring if it contacts unprotected human or animal tissue. It will cause blindness if it contacts with the eye. Protective equipment such as rubber gloves, safety clothing and eye protection should always be used when handling the material or its solutions. 

    Dissolution of sodium hydroxide is highly exothermic, and the resulting heat may cause heat burns or ignite flammables. It also produces heat when reacted with acids. It is corrosive to glass and some metals. Keep away from aluminum.

    source:  http://en.wikipedia.org

     After reading all of this I am quiet certain I will not let any product containing Sodium Hydroxide anywhere near my house!  Educate and read product labels, you will be shocked to find out how many products contain this harsh chemical!

    Leave a comment »

    %d bloggers like this: