Alcohol Denat – Produced by the fermentation of starch or other carbohydrate sources, this ingredient is used as a solvent for extracts and various ingredients. It has a refreshing, astringent effect that promotes clarity in skin care products, including aftershaves and perfumes. It also is used medicinally as a topical antiseptic, astringent and anti-bacterial.
Archive for Word of the Day
Phenoxyethanol is an organic chemical compound, a glycol ether often used in dermatological products such as skin creams and sunscreen. It is a colorless oily liquid. It is a bactericide (usually used in conjunction with quaternary ammonium compounds), often used in place of sodium azide in biological buffers as 2-phenoxyethanol is less toxic and non-reactive with copper and lead. It is used in many applications such as cosmetics, vaccines, and pharmaceuticals as a preservative.
It is also used as a fixative for perfumes, an insect repellent, a topical antiseptic, a solvent for cellulose acetate, some dyes, inks, and resins, in preservatives, pharmaceuticals, and in organic synthesis. It is moderately soluble in water. It is used as an anesthetic in the aquaculture of some fish.
Aqua – A common sense word, but you never know with these wonderful ingredients list what they really mean.
So far so good, they mean the compound water 🙂
Sodium Palmate: the salt found in palm oil used as a gentle cleanser and a by-product of the soap making process.
Used as a base ingredient in soap making and cosmetics. Sodium palmate is a core ingredient in many types of soap and is made from palm oil.
It is often combined with sodium cocoate, coconut oil sodium salt and the sodium salt of animal fat, sodium tallow. Together these three are one the major constituents of modern soap base. Base soap is the pure soap that has had no additional ingredients like color and scent added to it yet.
As base soap ingredients the hardest formulas use a mix of all three (sodium palmate, sodium cocoate, sodium tallow) in various combinations
To read more on the changes environmental groups are trying to make to the farming of palm oil, try this site http://www.voxy.co.nz/business/food-and-grocery-council-joins-roundtable-sustainable-palm-oil/5/52642. There are various debates on the impact of farming palm oil. There are vastly different views and so many opinions that I can’t tell who’s done the most research.
I feel it is import for us to informed and know what the impact our product choices have on the planet. It doesn’t hurt to be educated, some food for thought 🙂
Before we moved into our house, I did a vast amount of shopping, stocking up from October last year on toilettries etc. I did the stock piling to ensure that when we not run out of essentials while in a state of unpacked chaos.
This means that I have unfortunately a stock pile of very unfriendly chemicals in my linen cupboard, which slowly we are using and replacing with homemade, natural alternatives. A few nights ago, my hubby, Mark asked for a new soap, which I fetched from the bottom of the linen cupboard.
Well known SA soap brand with germ fighting things and classed as “gental” is what I gave him before reading the lable. I had never heard of the first ingrediant, let alone many of the rest. Here is the list of ingrediants.
A few we should all have heard about at some stage, but many were a bit confusing. Those that have already been word of the days will not be duplicated, the others, I’ll be researching over the next few days:
- Sodium tallowate
- Sodium plamate
- Solium palm kernelate
- Tetrasodium EDTA
- Etidronic acid
- Titanium dioxide
- Disodium distyrylbiphenyl disulfonate
- Hexyl cinnamal
- Benzyl salicylate
- Amyl cinnamal
- CI 74160
What a mouth full! The 100g bar needs more printing for the ingrediants list then for the anufacturers contact details, weight, bar code and logo. The one good thing I did find on the packaging was a small logo with detailing a charity that the manufacter supports.
Propylparaben, the propyl ester of p-hydroxybenzoic acid, occurs as a natural substance found in many plants and some insects, although it is manufactured synthetically for use in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and foods. It is a preservative typically found in many water-based cosmetics, such as creams, lotions, shampoos and bath products.
E number E216
Parabens are a class of chemicals widely used as preservatives in the cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. Parabens are effective preservatives in many types of formulas. These compounds, and their salts, are used primarily for their bactericidal and fungicidal properties.
They can be found in shampoos, commercial moisturizers, shaving gels, personal lubricants, topical/parenteral pharmaceuticals, spray tanning solution and toothpaste. They are also used as food additives.
Their efficacy as preservatives, in combination with their low cost, their long history of safe use and the inefficacy of natural alternatives like grapefruit seed extract (GSE), probably explains why parabens are so commonplace. They are becoming increasingly controversial, however, and some organizations which adhere to the precautionary principle object to their everyday use.
Cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and foods can all spoil if they do not contain a preservative. Consequently, propylparaben has become the preservative of choice, especially for cosmetics that are water-based – like moisturizers, shampoos, shower cleansers, conditioners, and sunscreens. It is even used in lipsticks, foundations, mascaras, and eye shadows – sometimes at levels approaching 25%. On its own, there are recommendations for how much propylparaben should be found in a particular product.
The problem arises when a product contains multiple parabens – such as propylparaben and methylparaben – then, there are not any recommendations for an individual user.
In the pharmaceutical industry, propylparaben is a common preservative for certain drugs. As a result, it is administered to humans in several ways: injections, orally, or through suppositories. However, it is almost always in concentrations of less than 1%.
The dangers of propylparaben are yet to be specifically identified. However, studies have been conducted that have created fear in some consumers. For example, a group of British researchers tested breast lump tissue samples that were taken from women who had cancerous breast tumors. The researchers found traces of parabens in the lumps of all 20 women. This has caused some people to wonder whether the parabens caused the cancer.
Other examples that cause concern include a September 2008 study of 20 girls between the ages of 14 and 19. The girls used multiple cosmetics products every day – from moisturizers to deodorants to make-up. In that study, propylparaben was found in every girl. The fear is that parabens mimic estrogen in the body and thereby increase a woman’s risk for breast cancer. Yet, there is no evidence that parabens cause cancer and further research must be conducted.
Since there is increased awareness and concern, some cosmetics manufacturers, specifically those that are organic in nature, are looking for ways to prevent their products from spoiling or for inhibiting microbial growth.
Shorter shelf lives and new formulas are all being explored by some manufacturers, as well. Until more research is conducted, the safest bet is to limit the amount of parabens that is absorbed into the body.